History Chapter 3 Nationalism in India class 10 notes in PDF are available for free download in myCBSEguide mobile app. The best app for. The Nationalism in India means a change in peoples understanding of their identity and The movement started with middle class social groups in the cities. Nationalism in India. Chapter III. Nationalism in India. Fig. 1 – 6 April On 10 April, the police in Amritsar fired upon a peaceful procession, provoking.

Nationalism In India Class 10 Notes Pdf

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It had eight lotuses, representing eight provinces of British India. or class. • If the demand of the workers were included, then industrialists would get How did Salt March become an effective tool of resistance against colonialism?. CLASS-X. SOCIAL SCIENCE. (). Group Leader: Mrs. Anju Kumari Page 10 India. •. Discuss the characteristics of. I(ndian nationalism through a. Ch 3 Nationalism in India Class 10th Notes| History Social Science. Introduction. • Modern nationalism was associated with the formation of nation-states.

Champaran Satyagraha, First Gandhian mass-movement in India against the oppressive plantation system in Champaran Bihar.

Kheda Satyagraha, Gandhiji led the movement in Kheda district of Gujarat, demanding relaxation of the revenue tax owing to the poverty experienced by the farmers because of the outbreak of plague and crop failure. Ahmedabad Mill Strike, Gandhiji organised a Satyagraha against the cotton mill owners demanding an increase in the workers? The Rowlatt Act ?

Passed by the British Government. The Act gave the government enormous powers for repressing political activities and allowed detention of political prisoners for two years without any trail.

Shops were closed down, rallies were organised and rail workshop workers went on strike. Widespread attacks on banks, post offices and railway stations took place.

Government brutally repressed the nationalists.

Martial law was imposed and General Dyer took command. Jallianwala Bagh Massacre, 13 th April, ? A number of people had assembled at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar for attending the annual Baisakhi fair. General Dyer surrounded the park and opened fire on the crowd, killing hundreds of people. Aftermath of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre? Crowds took to the streets in many north Indian towns. Strikes, clashes with the police and attacks on government buildings were extensively witnessed. The British used brutal repression, seeking to humiliate and terrorise people.

People were flogged and villages were bombed.

Class 10 : Key Concepts- Nationalism in India

This violence forced Gandhi to stop the movement. Criticism: The Rowlatt Satyagraha was limited mostly to cities and towns. Non-Cooperation Movement Began in January ? This was deeply resented by Muslims all over the world, including the Indian Muslims.

NCERT Class 10 History Chapter 3: Nationalism in India YouTube Lecture Handouts

Jallianwala Bagh: The atrocious killing of hundreds of innocent people by the British at Jallianwala Bagh had made the Indian masses resentful towards the British rule. Gandhiji wanted to launch a mass movement encompassing the entire nation and all communities. Methods: Surrendering of government titles, boycott of civil services, army, police, courts and legislative councils, school, and foreign goods; and a full civil disobedience campaign.

Few Congress members were not in support of the idea of boycotting the council elections as they wanted to bring about changes in the system by being in power. Das and Motilal Nehru formed the Swaraj Party within the Congress to argue for a return to council politics.

History: Nationalism in India (Class 10, CBSE)

Some leaders feared the movement to turn violent. September, Gandhi, in the Calcutta session of the Congress, convinced other leaders of the need to start a non-cooperation movement in support of Khilafat as well as for Swaraj. Page 3 Chapter 3 Nationalism in India? December, Nagpur : Non-cooperation programme adopted by the Congress. The Movement in the Towns: The students left government schools and colleges, headmasters and teachers resigned, lawyers gave up their legal practices and the council elections were boycotted in most provinces except Madras.

Foreign goods were boycotted, liquor shops picketed and foreign cloth burnt in huge bonfires.

Merchants and traders refused to trade in foreign goods or finance foreign trade. Production of Indian textile mills and handlooms went up. Rebellion in the Countryside: The peasants had to do begar and work without pay in the farms of oppressive landlords. The peasant movement demanded reduction of revenue, abolition of begar and social boycott of oppressive landlords. In Awadh, the peasants were led by Baba Ramchandra.

The houses of talukdars and merchants were attacked, bazaars were looted and grain hoards were taken over in many places. Local leaders told the peasants that Gandhiji had declared that no taxes were to be paid and land was to be redistributed among the poor.

Nai-dhobi bands were organised by the panchayats for depriving landlords of the services of even barbers and washer men.

Revolt by Tribals: The government had closed large forest areas, preventing people from entering the forest to graze their cattle or to collect fuel wood and fruits. The rebels attacked police stations, attempted to kill British officials and carried on guerrilla warfare for achieving swaraj. Swaraj in the Plantations: Under the Inland Emigration Act of , the plantation workers were not allowed to leave the tea gardens without permission.

Class X Social Science Notes: Nationalism in India

Thousands of workers defied the authorities, left the plantations and headed home. They believed that Gandhi raj was coming and everyone would be given land in their own villages. Movement slowed because khadi cloth was often more expensive than mass- produced mill cloth and therefore, expensive for the poor people.

Indian educational institutions were slow to come in place of the boycotted British ones.

February, Mahatma Gandhi decided to withdraw the Non-Cooperation Movement because of its violent face in many places. Mahatma Gandhi now felt the need to launch a more broad based movement in India.

But he was certain that no such movement could be organized without bringing the Hindus and Muslims closer together.

There were rumors that a harsh peace treaty was going to be imposed on the Ottoman Emperor, who was the spiritual head Khalifa of the Islamic world. The Muslims of India decided to force Britain to change her Turkish policy. A young generation of Muslim leaders like the brothers Muhammad Ali and Shaukat Ali began discussing with Mahatma Gandhi about the possibility of a united mass action on the issue. Differing strands within the movement: Rebellion in the countryside: — From the cities, the noncooperation movement spread to the countryside.

After the war, the struggles of peasants and tribal were developing in different parts of India. One movement here war against talukdars and landlords who demanded from peasant exorbitantly high rents and a variety of other cesses. Peasants had to do begar. The peasant movement demanded reduction of revenue, an abolition of begar and social boycott of oppressive landlords.

Important Dates of History Chapter Nationalism in India (Class 10)

Oudh Kisan Sabha was setup headed by. Jawaharlal Nehru and other, within a month, over branches had been set up by the villagers. Tribal peasants interpreted the message of Mahatma Gandhi and the idea of Swaraj in yet another way.

The colonial government had closed large forest areas preventing people from entering the forests to graze their cattle, or to collect fuel wood and fruits. Alluri Sitaram Raju Claimed that he had a variety of special powers. He asserted that India could be liberated only by the use of force. The movement was turning violent in many places and satyagarhis needed properly trained for mass struggle.

Salt was a powerful symbol that could unite the nation. Salt march accompanied by 78 of his trusted volunteers. Finally, Mahatma Gandhi once again decided to call off the movement and entered into a pact with Irwin on 5 March Participants saw the movement in different angle such as Patidars of Gujarat and Jats of Uttar Pradesh. Gandhi called to Untouchable that is Harijan, Children of God. The Sense of Collective Belonging Nationalist Movement Spreads when people belonging to different regions and communities begin to develop a sense of collective belongingness.

The identity of a nation is most often symbolized in a figure or image. Indian folk songs and folk sung by bards played an important role in making the idea of nationalism. In Bengal, Rabindranath Tagore and in Madras, Natesa, Sastri collection of folk tales and songs, which led the movement for folk revival. During the Swadeshi Movement, a tri-color red, green and yellow flag was designed in Bengal. It had eight lotuses representing eight provinces and a crescent moon representing Hindus and Muslims.The houses of talukdars and merchants were attacked.

Local leaders told peasants that no taxes were to paid and land to be redistributed Gudem Hills of Andhra Pradesh — militant guerilla movement started in s — against colonial govt.

The Rowlatt Satyagraha was limited mostly to cities and towns. Gandhiji led the salt march from Sabarmati Ashram to Dandi with his followers starting the Civil Disobedience Movement.

Annals of the Students' Anti-Hindi Struggle In Bengal, Rabindranath Tagore and in Madras, Natesa, Sastri collection of folk tales and songs, which led the movement for folk revival.